Strona 2 z 2

Re: Tysiące ptaków zabitych przez sylwestrowe fajerwerki

PostNapisane: 22 sty 2011, o 17:18
przez gzyra
Podkreślenia moje.

Conspiracies Don’t Kill Birds. People, However, Do.
Published: January 17, 2011

At the beginning of this month when about 5,000 red-winged blackbirds fell from the sky in one night in Arkansas, biologists were called on to put a damper on public speculation about pesticides and secret military tests by reminding everyone how many birds there are and how many die. They often do so as a result of human activity, but in far more mundane and dispiriting ways than conspiracy buffs might imagine.

Five billion birds die in the U.S. every year,” said Melanie Driscoll, a biologist and director of bird conservation for the Gulf of Mexico and Mississippi Flyway for the National Audubon Society.

That means that on average, 13.7 million birds die in this country every day. This number, while large, needs to be put into context. The federal Fish and Wildlife Service estimates that a minimum of 10 billion birds breed in the United States every year and that as many as 20 billion may be in the country during the fall migratory season.

Even without humans, tens of millions of birds would be lost each year to natural predators and natural accidents — millions of fledglings die during their first attempts at flight. But according to the Fish and Wildlife Service, people have severely complicated the task of survival. Although mortality rates are difficult to calculate for certain, using modeling and other methods like extrapolation from local research findings, the government has come up with estimates of how many birds die from various causes in the United States.

Some of the biggest death traps are surprising. Almost everyone has an experience with a pet proudly bringing home a songbird in its jaws. Nationally, domestic and feral cats kill hundreds of millions of birds each year, according to the government. One study done in Wisconsin found that domestic rural cats alone (thus excluding a large number of suburban and urban cats) killed roughly 39 million birds a year.

Pesticides kill 72 million birds directly, but an unknown and probably larger number ingest the poisons and die later unseen. Orphaned chicks also go uncounted.

And then there is flying into objects, which is most likely what killed the birds in Arkansas. The government estimates that strikes against building windows alone account for anywhere from 97 million to nearly 976 million bird deaths a year. Cars kill another 60 million or so. High-tension transmission and power distribution lines are also deadly obstacles. Extrapolating from European studies, the Fish and Wildlife Service estimates 174 million birds die each year by flying into these wires. None of these numbers take into account the largest killer of birds in America: loss of habitat to development.

All of this explains why about a quarter of the 836 species of birds protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act are in serious decline. For a third of the other birds there is not enough information to be sure about the health of their populations.

Of course, poisons and electric wires are not as exciting to think about as secret government plots, but Ms. Driscoll says it is time we pay attention to them anyway.

“It is the story that the press and the public have largely missed, and it is important, and timely, given the current concern,” she said. “And it is what gets those of us who work in bird conservation motivated every day to try to deal with human-induced changes to our habitats, our landscape and our very climate.”

Re: Tysiące ptaków zabitych przez sylwestrowe fajerwerki

PostNapisane: 22 sty 2011, o 17:48
przez gzyra
I jeszcze jeden tekst, tym razem Shermera, związany ze zbitką śmierci dużych ilości ptaków w jednym czasie, o czym sporo się pisało w anglojęzycznym necie, oczywiście szukając teorii cóż to może być przyczyną.

Murder, Mass Die Offs, and the Meaning of Randomness
by Michael Shermer, Jan 12 2011

The following is an op-ed originally published in the Los Angeles Times, Tuesday January 11, 2011 (under a different title and slightly shorter).

The media once again scrambled this past week to find the deep underlying causes of shocking events. We saw it in the rush to explain the tragic murder of six people in a shopping center in Tucson. And we saw it in the rush of stories about mass die offs of birds and fish around the country.


The mass die offs of fish and birds has spurred a number of deep causal theories, including suggestions that the apocalypse is near and that secret government experiments were to blame, such as HAARP, the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program in Alaska that studies the ionosophere that is run by DARPA, the government’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, which admittedly does sound like something concocted by the writers for the television series X-Files.

We live in a causal universe, so all effects do have causes, but before we turn to grand overarching causal theories such as political rhetoric or government experiments, we must always remember the clustering effect of randomness and how our brains tend to look for and find deeper meaningful patterns even where none exist. Toss a handful of pennies into the air and you will notice that they do not land randomly on the ground. They cluster into apparently nonrandom patterns in which some are closer and others are farther apart. There is nothing inherently hidden in such a clustering effect—no concealed forces under the ground causes the pennies to fall as they do. It’s just chance. But our brains abhor randomness and always seek meaning.


According to Audubon Society biologist Melanie Driscoll, about 5 billion birds die each year in the United States from a variety of causes. Because of the clustering effect of randomness it is inevitable that some of those billions of birds will die in apparent nonrandom clusters. The 5,000 red-winged blackbirds that died in Arkansas, for example, looks like an ominous cluster when scattered about the ground, but there are over 200 million red-winged blackbirds in the U.S., and according to Driscoll they fly in flocks of 100,000 to 2 million. Although 5,000 birds falling dead out of the sky sounds positively apocalyptic, it represents a scant 0.0025% of the total population.

Of course there are specific causes for specific events. We will, in time, learn of the particular personal and social conditions behind Jared Loughner’s heinous act. And biologists are already identifying the causes of each fish and bird die off. The Arkansas blackbirds, for example, died during a New Year’s eve fireworks display, which may have been a contributing factor. Biologist Driscoll notes that “they cannot see well in the dark and we know they were seen crashing into buildings and cars and poles. Necropsies show blunt force trauma to brain and breast.” Others died near power lines that are thin and hard to see at night. The American Bird Conservancy notes that of the 5 billion annual bird deaths, about 1 billion birds are killed each year in collisions with buildings, communication towers, windmills, and other human-made structures. We just never hear about them unless such deaths happen in clusters and are reported in the media, thereby triggering a type of mass hysteria that leads to conspiratorial thinking and what I call patternicity: the tendency to find meaningful patterns in both meaningful and meaningless noise.

Patternicity is what our brains do. We can’t help it. We see those clusters of events and naturally seek out deep causal meaning in some grand overarching theory. But as often as not events in life turn on chance, randomness, and statistical probabilities that are largely beyond our control. So calls for “an end to all overt and implied appeals to violence in American politics”—such as that just issued by—may make us feel better but they will do nothing to alter the inevitability of such one-off events in the future.

Gołębie zabite fajerwerkami na Jasnej Górze w Częstochowie ?

PostNapisane: 30 gru 2012, o 23:17
przez BOS
Zbeszczeszczenie oblicza Matki Ziemii przez fanatycznych słuchaczy medialnego radia psychomanipulujących redempterrorystów.
Fotografie dokumentujące hipokryzję fanatyków i redempterrorystów pod poniższym adresem:


Śmieci po zatruwających środowisko (powietrze i glebę a przede wszystkim ludzi) fajerwerkach oszpecały łąkę pod szatańską twierdzą Paulinów przez conajmniej 2 dni.
Łąką zarządzają Paulini więc to ich obowiązkiem było zadbać aby oblicze Matki Ziemii nie zostało zbeszczeszczone fajerwerkami i śmieciami po tych chińskich materiałach wybuchowych.

Więcej info pod adresem (logowanie po rejestracji na prośbę e-mailową u admina )

Fragment z '''' (na życzenie możliwość skopiowania treści z całego tematu lub istotnych fragmentów) :

rydzykowe audycje radiowe pod tytułem ''Porady ekologa'' z dnia 2010-12-31
o szkodliwości sztucznych ogni ( fajerwerków ) :

Nagrania audycji:

- plik mp3 do odsłuchania: ( był pod adresem: ) - aktualnie jest pod adresem

- plik mp3 do pobrania (~ 9 MB) : ( był pod adresem: ) - aktualnie jest pod adresem
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Zbeszczeszczenie oblicza Matki Ziemii zostało dokonane w ramach imprezy " Kochanej Mamie - pielgrzymka młodych słuchaczy "radia Maryja" na Jasną Górę - 26 maj 2012 "